Detection of ivermectin residues in bovine liver using an enzyme immunoassay

Joan Crooks, Robert Baxter, Sandra Traynor, Christopher Elliott, Derek McCaughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Ivermectin, a member of the avermectin group, is frequently used to control parasites in many food producing animal species. A method for the detection and quantification of ivermectin residues in bovine liver has been developed. Liver samples (4 g) were extracted with acetonitrile and applied to a competitive enzyme immunoassay using a polyclonal antiserum raised in rabbits against an ivermectin-transferrin conjugate, The limit of detection of the assay (mean +/- 3s) calculated from the analysis of 24 known negative samples was 1.6 ng g(-1), Intra- and inter-assay RSDs were determined as 8.8 and 14.6%, respectively, using a negative bovine liver sample fortified with 100 ng g(-1) of ivermectin. Four Friesian steers were treated with a pour-on application of ivermectin at a dose rate of 0.5 mg kg(-1) body mass then withdrawn and killed at 7, 14, 21 and 28 d, Livers mere removed and ivermectin residue concentrations determined using the proposed immunoassay procedure, Seven days post-treatment the ivermectin liver concentration was determined as 52.7 ng g(-1), decreasing to 4.1 ng(-1) at 28 d, All immunoassay results were confirmed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), The immunoassay and HPLC results for invermectin ranged from 1 to 58 ng g(-1) and were in close correlation (r = 0.99).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-358
Number of pages4
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


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