Detection of monensin residues in poultry liver using an enzyme immunoassay

Joan Crooks, Sandra Traynor, Christopher Elliott, Derek McCaughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monensin, a carboxylic acid ionophore, is commonly fed to poultry to control coccidiosis. A method for the detection and quantification of monensin residues in liver has been developed, Samples (3 g) were extracted with acetonitrile-water and applied to a competitive enzyme immunoassay using a polyclonal antiserum raised against a monensin-transferrin conjugate, The limit of detection (mean + 3s) calculated from the analysis of 12 known negative samples was 2.91 ng g(-1). Intra- and inter-assay RSD were determined as 8.5 and 10.6%, respectively, using a liver sample fortified with 20 ng g(-1) monensin, A pharmacokinetic study in which 70 six week old broilers were fed monensin at a rate of 120 mg kg(-1) in their feed for 14 d resulted in mean monensin liver residues of 102 ng g(-1). However these had fallen below the limit of detection of the assay within the 3 d withdrawal period recommended by the manufacturer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-163
Number of pages3
JournalAnalyst
Volume122
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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