CONTEXT: Disease management interventions for heart failure (HF) are inconsistent and very seldom incorporate the views and needs of patients and their caregivers into intervention design.
OBJECTIVE AND DATA: To improve intervention effectiveness and consistency, a systematic review identified 49 studies which examined the views and needs of patients with HF and their caregivers about the nature and determinants of effective HF self-care.
RESULTS: The findings identify key drivers of effective self-care, such as the capacity of patients to successfully integrate self-care practices with their preferred normal daily life patterns and recognise and respond to HF symptoms in a timely manner.
CONCLUSIONS: Future interventions for HF self-care must involve family members throughout the intervention and harness patients' normal daily routines.
- Adaptation, Psychological
- Heart Failure
- Self Care
- Sickness Impact Profile
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't