Determination of carazolol residues in porcine tissue by radioreceptor assay

Brendan Meenagh, Joanne McEvoy, Christopher Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


A radioreceptor assay was developed for the determination of the p-blocker carazolol in porcine muscle and kidney. The method involves a simple alkaline extraction procedure using diethyl ether followed by a competitive assay between carazolol residues and [H-3]-dihydroalprenolol ([H-3]-DHA) using solubilised beta2-adrenoceptors isolated from a transfected cell line. The limit of detection (LOD) was determined using 20 reference blank samples of pig kidney and pig muscle. LODs for muscle (0.93 mug kg(-1)) and kidney (1.47 mug kg(-1)) were well below their respective European community maximum residue limits, (MRLs 5 and 25 mug kg(-1), respectively). The assay was used to investigate if carazolol residues persisted in pig tissues for up to 30 h post-intramuscular injection at the recommended dose rate (10 mug carazolol/kg body weight). The highest mean +/- S.D. concentrations were detected at 1 h post-injection in kidney (10.84 +/- 1.3 mug kg(-1)) and muscle (3.59 +/- 0.2 mug kg(-1)) which were less than the respective MRLs. It is concluded that this method offers a robust and rapid alternative to other methods for the screening of carazolol residues in pig meat. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-156
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Environmental Chemistry


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