Determination of the heat transfer coefficient at the metal–die interface for high pressure die cast AlSi9Cu3Fe

Alastair Long, David Thornhill, Cecil Armstrong, D. Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)


When simulating the High Pressure Die Casting ‘HPDC’ process, the heat transfer coefficient ‘HTC’ between the casting and the die is critical to accurately predict the quality of the casting. To determine the HTC at the metal–die interface a production die for an automotive engine bearing beam, Die 1, was instrumented with type K thermocouples. A Magmasoft® simulation model was generated with virtual thermocouple points placed in the same location as the production die. The temperature traces from the simulation model were compared to the instrumentation results. Using the default simulation HTC for the metal–die interface, a poor correlation was seen, with the temperature response being much less for the simulation model. Because of this, the HTC at the metal–die interface was modified in order to get a better fit. After many simulation iterations, a good fit was established using a peak HTC of 42,000 W/m2 K, this modified HTC was further validated by a second instrumented production die, proving that the modified HTC gives good correlation to the instrumentation trials. The updated HTC properties for the simulation model will improve the predictive capabilities of the casting simulation software and better predict casting defects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3996-4006
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Issue number17-18
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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