Determination of thyreostat residues from bovine matrices using high-performance liquid chromatography

Joseph Buick, Christopher Barry, Sandra Traynor, Derek McCaughey, Christopher Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methodologies were evaluated for the detection and quantification of thyreostatic drug residues in cattle serum and thyroid tissue. The paper details a protocol, using a simple ethyl acetate extraction for the determination of thiouracil, tapazole, methyl thiouracil, propyl thiouracil and phenyl thiouracil in thyroid tissue. Using two sequential HPLC injections, and quantitative analysis, in two steps, all five thyreostats were detectable at concentrations greater than 2.45-4.52 ng/g. Modifications to a published method for detection of thyreostatic residues in serum involving the addition of mercaptoethanol and a freezing step are described. The modifications improved sensitivity and allowed detection of the five thyreostats at levels greater than 16.98-35.25 ng/ml. Young bulls were treated with thyreostats to demonstrate the validity of the methodologies described. Administered thyreostats were not absorbed equally by the test animals and the compounds were not all detected in the serum samples removed at 7 days following drug withdrawal. These experiments indicate the necessity to be able to detect thyreostat residues in a variety of matrices. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-79
Number of pages9
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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