OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop question prompt lists (QPLs) for family caregivers of nursing home residents with advanced dementia in the context of a study involving Canada, the Czech Republic, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Ireland, and to explore cross-national differences. QPLs can encourage family caregivers to ask questions about their relative's end-of-life care.
METHODS: We used nominal group methods to create country-specific QPLs. Family caregivers read an information booklet about end-of-life care for people with dementia, and generated questions to ask healthcare professionals. They also selected questions from a shortlist. We analyzed and compared the QPLs using content analysis.
RESULTS: Four to 20 family caregivers per country were involved. QPLs ranged from 15 to 24 questions. A quarter (24%) of the questions appeared in more than one country's QPL. One question was included in all QPLs: "Can you tell me more about palliative care in dementia?".
CONCLUSION: Family caregivers have many questions about dementia palliative care, but the local context may influence which questions specifically. Local end-user input is thus important to customize QPLs.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Prompts for family caregivers should attend to the unique information preferences among different countries. Further research is needed to evaluate the QPLs' use.