Developing social presence in online learning among nurses: Exploration of the community of inquiry models domain of social using a qualitative descriptive design

Andrew Waddington, Shannon Porter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is marked increase in the demand for online learning in nursing curriculums. However, online learning has been criticised for being detached and impersonal resulting in low levels of engagement. In a world that is rapidly shifting to online learning as a result of the global COVID-19 pandemic creating quality online learning environments has become more pressing. The Community of Inquiry (COI) is a well-established model used to frame online environments in many disciplines including nursing. The COI model proposes that social, cognitive and teacher presences must exist in the online learning space for learning to occur. It is argued that social presence remains less understood despite being one of the essential elements. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to understand how facilitators and participants engage with and use a social presence in an online seminar. It is concluded that when facilitators include the use of a social presence in the design of the online learning space in-depth engagement with online content also increases. This can happen rapidly (less than an hour) and continue for several weeks. It is deduced that a social presence enhances a sense of realness among participants of online learning and through an increased sense realness engagement increases.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103000
JournalNurse education in practice
Volume52
Early online date20 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • COI
  • Community of Inquiry
  • Nurse
  • Nursing on-line learning
  • on-line education

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