Development and characterization of a lux-modified 2,4-dichlorophenol-degrading Burkholderia sp. RASC

L J Shaw, Y Beaton, L A Glover, K Killham, A A Meharg

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25 Citations (Scopus)


lux-marked biosensors for assessing the toxicity and bioremediation potential of polluted environments may complement traditional chemical techniques. luxCDABE genes were introduced into the chromosome of the 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP)-mineralizing bacterium, Burkholderia sp. RASC c2, by biparental mating using the Tn4431 system. Experiments revealed that light output was constitutive and related to cell biomass concentration during exponential growth. The transposon insertion was stable and did not interrupt 2,4-DCP-degradative genes, and expression of luxCDABE did not constitute a metabolic burden to the cell. A bioluminescence response was detectable at sublethal 2,4-DCP concentrations: at <10.26 microg ml(-1), bioluminescence was stimulated (e.g. 218% of control), but at concentrations >60 microg ml(-1) it declined to <1%. Investigating the effect of [14C]-2,4-DCP concentration on the evolution of 14CO2 revealed that, for initial concentrations of 2.5-25 microg ml(-1), approximately equals 55% of the added 14C was mineralized after 24 h compared with
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-9
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Microbiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Microbiology

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