Extravasation injury remains a significant preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates. Equipping nursing students with the requisite knowledge and skills is essential for appropriate prevention, early detection, and management of extravasation injury.
To develop a technology-enhanced, enquiry-based learning program for nursing students on the prevention and management of neonatal extravasation injury and examine its impact on their knowledge, approaches to studying and experience of learning.
A pre-test/post-test study with qualitative evaluation.
Two university pre-registration nursing programs in Hong Kong.
A total of 192 senior-year nursing students.
A novel learning program was developed comprising 25 scenario-based video vignettes supplemented with critical-thinking exercises, discussion guides, interactive games, reading materials and a 3-hour in-class interactive workshop. Students received unlimited online access to the program. Data were collected at baseline and one-month post-workshop. Outcomes were students' level of knowledge of prevention and management of extravasation injuries and related care, approaches to studying, and experience of learning. Paired t-tests were performed on pre- post-test outcome data and individual semi-structured interviews were conducted at one-month post-workshop, transcribed verbatim and analyzed thematically.
There were statistically significant improvements in students' level of knowledge and use of a deep approach to learning at one month compared with baseline. Students were highly satisfied with the program, appreciating the video vignettes and interactive small group discussions with academics and clinicians. Suggestions for enhancing the program included more time for the workshop, interaction with clinicians, and details on the administration of neonatal medications and dosages.
This study showed that a novel technology-enhanced, enquiry-based learning program was effective in enhancing nursing students' knowledge of the prevention and management of neonatal extravasation injury, approaches to studying and experience of learning.