Development and evaluation of a vaginal ring device for sustained delivery of HIV microbicides to non-human primate

Karl Malcolm, Clare McCoy, David Woolfson, N. Promadej-Lanier, James M. Smith, P. Srinivasan, S. Butera, Ron A. Otten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background There is considerable interest in developing coitally indepen- dent, sustained release formulations for long-term administration of HIV microbicides. Vaginal ring devices are at the forefront of this formulation strategy. Methods Non-medicated silicone elastomer vaginal rings were prepared having a range of appropriate dimensions for testing vaginal ?t in pig- tailed and Chinese rhesus macaques. Cervicovaginal proin?ammatory markers were evaluated. Compression testing was performed to compare the relative ?exibility of various macaque and commercial human rings. Results All rings remained in place during the study period and no tissue irritation or signi?cant induction of cervicovaginal proin?ammatory mark- ers or signs of physical discomfort were observed during the 8-week study period. Conclusions Qualitative evaluation suggests that the 25 · 5-mm ring pro- vided optimal ?t in both macaque species. Based on the results presented here, low-consistency silicone elastomers do not cause irritation in maca-
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-271
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medical Primatology
Volume38
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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