Development -I

K. D. Willis*, M. S. Kumar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

5 Citations (Scopus)


This article situates and deconstructs the meanings associated with the term 'development' in the context of the developing world as they have been used by geographers. The arguments made highlight the deeply contested and fragmented terrain of development. The article provides a historical overview of the changing nature of discourses on development and how the imageries of development have shifted since the post-war period. It deploys diverse meanings associated with development as a concept and as a theory. Themes covered include modernization, dependency and neo-Marxist perspectives on development, neoliberalism, grassroots development, sustainable development and postdevelopment. The article discusses how and why definitions and practices of development have varied over time and space, focusing particularly on how power is implicated in these processes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Human Geography
EditorsRob Kitchin
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080449104
ISBN (Print)9780080449111
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Development
  • Efficiency
  • Empowerment
  • Entitlements and capabilities
  • Globalization
  • Growth
  • Market
  • Modernization
  • Neoliberalism
  • NGOs
  • Participation
  • Societies
  • State
  • Structural adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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