Development of a biocidal treatment regime to inhibit biological growths on cultural heritage: BIODAM

M.E. Young, H. L. Alakomi, I. Fortune, A. A. Gorbushina, W. E. Krumbein, I. Maxwell, C. McCullagh, P. Robertson, M. Saarela, J. Valero, M. Vendrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Existing chemical treatments to prevent biological damage to monuments often involve considerable amounts of potentially dangerous and even poisonous biocides. The scientific approach described in this paper aims at a drastic reduction in the concentration of biocide applications by a polyphasic approach of biocides combined with cell permeabilisers, polysaccharide and pigment inhibitors and a photodynamic treatment. A variety of potential agents were screened to determine the most effective combination. Promising compounds were tested under laboratory conditions with cultures of rock deteriorating bacteria, algae, cyanobacteria and fungi. A subsequent field trial involved two sandstone types with natural biofilms. These were treated with multiple combinations of chemicals and exposed to three different climatic conditions. Although treatments proved successful in the laboratory, field trials were inconclusive and further testing will be required to determine the most effective treatment regime. While the most effective combination of chemicals and their application methodology is still being optimised, results to date indicate that this is a promising and effective treatment for the control of a wide variety of potentially damaging organisms colonising stone substrates

LanguageEnglish
Pages631-641
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Geology
Volume56
Issue number3-4
Early online date12 Jul 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

Fingerprint

cultural heritage
Biocides
biocides
Disinfectants
pesticide
algae
field experimentation
Biofilms
chemical treatment
sandstone
monument
Polysaccharides
Algae
Sandstone
Fungi
polysaccharide
Pigments
biofilm
pigment
Cyanobacteria

Keywords

  • Biocide
  • Biodeterioration
  • Cultural heritage
  • Photodynamic agent
  • Stone

Cite this

Young, M. E., Alakomi, H. L., Fortune, I., Gorbushina, A. A., Krumbein, W. E., Maxwell, I., ... Vendrell, M. (2008). Development of a biocidal treatment regime to inhibit biological growths on cultural heritage: BIODAM. Environmental Geology, 56(3-4), 631-641. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-008-1455-1
Young, M.E. ; Alakomi, H. L. ; Fortune, I. ; Gorbushina, A. A. ; Krumbein, W. E. ; Maxwell, I. ; McCullagh, C. ; Robertson, P. ; Saarela, M. ; Valero, J. ; Vendrell, M. / Development of a biocidal treatment regime to inhibit biological growths on cultural heritage: BIODAM. In: Environmental Geology. 2008 ; Vol. 56, No. 3-4. pp. 631-641.
@article{aca0a93aebef41fd8edc54250b660fbe,
title = "Development of a biocidal treatment regime to inhibit biological growths on cultural heritage: BIODAM",
abstract = "Existing chemical treatments to prevent biological damage to monuments often involve considerable amounts of potentially dangerous and even poisonous biocides. The scientific approach described in this paper aims at a drastic reduction in the concentration of biocide applications by a polyphasic approach of biocides combined with cell permeabilisers, polysaccharide and pigment inhibitors and a photodynamic treatment. A variety of potential agents were screened to determine the most effective combination. Promising compounds were tested under laboratory conditions with cultures of rock deteriorating bacteria, algae, cyanobacteria and fungi. A subsequent field trial involved two sandstone types with natural biofilms. These were treated with multiple combinations of chemicals and exposed to three different climatic conditions. Although treatments proved successful in the laboratory, field trials were inconclusive and further testing will be required to determine the most effective treatment regime. While the most effective combination of chemicals and their application methodology is still being optimised, results to date indicate that this is a promising and effective treatment for the control of a wide variety of potentially damaging organisms colonising stone substrates",
keywords = "Biocide, Biodeterioration, Cultural heritage, Photodynamic agent, Stone",
author = "M.E. Young and Alakomi, {H. L.} and I. Fortune and Gorbushina, {A. A.} and Krumbein, {W. E.} and I. Maxwell and C. McCullagh and P. Robertson and M. Saarela and J. Valero and M. Vendrell",
year = "2008",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1007/s00254-008-1455-1",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "631--641",
journal = "Environmental Geology",
issn = "0943-0105",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "3-4",

}

Young, ME, Alakomi, HL, Fortune, I, Gorbushina, AA, Krumbein, WE, Maxwell, I, McCullagh, C, Robertson, P, Saarela, M, Valero, J & Vendrell, M 2008, 'Development of a biocidal treatment regime to inhibit biological growths on cultural heritage: BIODAM', Environmental Geology, vol. 56, no. 3-4, pp. 631-641. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-008-1455-1

Development of a biocidal treatment regime to inhibit biological growths on cultural heritage: BIODAM. / Young, M.E.; Alakomi, H. L.; Fortune, I.; Gorbushina, A. A.; Krumbein, W. E.; Maxwell, I.; McCullagh, C.; Robertson, P.; Saarela, M.; Valero, J.; Vendrell, M.

In: Environmental Geology, Vol. 56, No. 3-4, 12.2008, p. 631-641.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of a biocidal treatment regime to inhibit biological growths on cultural heritage: BIODAM

AU - Young, M.E.

AU - Alakomi, H. L.

AU - Fortune, I.

AU - Gorbushina, A. A.

AU - Krumbein, W. E.

AU - Maxwell, I.

AU - McCullagh, C.

AU - Robertson, P.

AU - Saarela, M.

AU - Valero, J.

AU - Vendrell, M.

PY - 2008/12

Y1 - 2008/12

N2 - Existing chemical treatments to prevent biological damage to monuments often involve considerable amounts of potentially dangerous and even poisonous biocides. The scientific approach described in this paper aims at a drastic reduction in the concentration of biocide applications by a polyphasic approach of biocides combined with cell permeabilisers, polysaccharide and pigment inhibitors and a photodynamic treatment. A variety of potential agents were screened to determine the most effective combination. Promising compounds were tested under laboratory conditions with cultures of rock deteriorating bacteria, algae, cyanobacteria and fungi. A subsequent field trial involved two sandstone types with natural biofilms. These were treated with multiple combinations of chemicals and exposed to three different climatic conditions. Although treatments proved successful in the laboratory, field trials were inconclusive and further testing will be required to determine the most effective treatment regime. While the most effective combination of chemicals and their application methodology is still being optimised, results to date indicate that this is a promising and effective treatment for the control of a wide variety of potentially damaging organisms colonising stone substrates

AB - Existing chemical treatments to prevent biological damage to monuments often involve considerable amounts of potentially dangerous and even poisonous biocides. The scientific approach described in this paper aims at a drastic reduction in the concentration of biocide applications by a polyphasic approach of biocides combined with cell permeabilisers, polysaccharide and pigment inhibitors and a photodynamic treatment. A variety of potential agents were screened to determine the most effective combination. Promising compounds were tested under laboratory conditions with cultures of rock deteriorating bacteria, algae, cyanobacteria and fungi. A subsequent field trial involved two sandstone types with natural biofilms. These were treated with multiple combinations of chemicals and exposed to three different climatic conditions. Although treatments proved successful in the laboratory, field trials were inconclusive and further testing will be required to determine the most effective treatment regime. While the most effective combination of chemicals and their application methodology is still being optimised, results to date indicate that this is a promising and effective treatment for the control of a wide variety of potentially damaging organisms colonising stone substrates

KW - Biocide

KW - Biodeterioration

KW - Cultural heritage

KW - Photodynamic agent

KW - Stone

U2 - 10.1007/s00254-008-1455-1

DO - 10.1007/s00254-008-1455-1

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 631

EP - 641

JO - Environmental Geology

T2 - Environmental Geology

JF - Environmental Geology

SN - 0943-0105

IS - 3-4

ER -