An immunoaffinity chromatographic (IAC) method for the selective extraction and concentration of 13 organophosphorus pesticides (OPs, including coumaphos, parathion, phoxim, quinalphos, dichlofenthion, triazophos, azinphos-ethyl, phosalone, isochlorthion, parathion-methyl, cyanophos, disulfoton, and phorate) prior to analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was developed. The IAC column was prepared by covalently immobilizing a monoclonal antibody with broad specificity for OPs on CNBr-activated Sephrose 4B. The column capacity ranged from 884 to 2641 ng/mL of gel. The optimum elution solvent was 0.01 M phosphate-buffered saline containing 80% methanol. The breakthrough volume of the IAC column was found to be 400 mL. Recoveries of OPs from spiked environmental samples by IAC cleanup and HPLC-MS/MS analysis ranged from 60.2 to 107.1%, with a relative standard deviation below 11.1%. The limit of quantitation for 13 OPs ranged from 0.01 to 0.13 ng/mL (ng/g). The application of IAC cleanup coupled to HPLC-MS/MS in real environmental samples demonstrated the potential of this method for the determination of OP residues in environmental samples at trace levels.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)