Development of a novel immunobiosensor method for the rapid detection of okadaic acid contamination in shellfish extracts

N.M. Llamas, L. Stewart, Terence Fodey, H.C. Higgins, M.L.R. Velasco, Luis Botana, Christopher Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mouse bioassay is the methodology that is most widely used to detect okadaic acid (OA) in shellfish samples. This is one of the best-known toxins, and it belongs to the family of marine biotoxins referred to as the diarrhetic shellfish poisons (DSP). Due to animal welfare concerns, alternative methods of toxin detection are being sought. A rapid and specific biosensor immunoassay method was developed and validated for the detection of OA. An optical sensor instrument based on the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) phenomenon was utilised. A polyclonal antibody to OA was raised against OA-bovine thyroglobulin conjugate and OA-N-hydroxy succinimide ester was immobilised onto an amine sensor chip surface. The assay parameters selected for the analysis of the samples were: antibody dilution, 1/750; ratio of antibody to standard, 1:1; volume of sample injected, 25 mu l min(-1); flow rate, 25 mu l min(-1). An assay action limit of 126 ng g(-1) was established by analysing of 20 shellfish samples spiked with OA at the critical concentration of 160 ng g(-1), which is the action limit established by the European Union (EU). At this concentration of OA, the assay delivered coefficient of variations (CVs) of
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-587
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume389
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry

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