DFT and in situ EXAFS investigation of gold/ceria-zirconia low-temperature water gas shift catalysts: Identification of the nature of the active form of gold

D Tibiletti, A Amieiro-Fonseca, R Burch, Y Chen, JM Fisher, A Goguet, C Hardacre*, P Hu, A Thompsett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

187 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the nature of the active form of gold in oxide-supported gold catalysts for the water gas shift reaction has been performed. In situ extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) experiments have shown that in the fresh catalysts the gold is in the form of highly dispersed gold ions. However, under water gas shift reaction conditions, even at temperatures as low as 100 degrees C, the evidence from EXAFS and XANES is only 14 consistent with rapid, and essentially complete, reduction of the gold to form metallic clusters containing about 50 atoms. The presence of Au-Ce distances in the EXAFS spectra, and the fact that about 15% of the gold atoms can be reoxidized after exposure to air at 150 degrees C, is indicative of a close interaction between a fraction (ca. 15%) of the gold atoms and the oxide support. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are entirely consistent with this model and suggest that an important aspect of the active and stable form of gold under water gas shift reaction conditions is the location of a partially oxidized gold (Audelta+) species at a cerium cation vacancy in the surface of the oxide support. It is found that even with a low loading gold catalysts (0.2%) the fraction of ionic gold under water gas shift conditions is below the limit of detection by XANES (<5%). It is concluded that under water gas shift reaction conditions the active form of gold comprises small metallic gold clusters in intimate contact with the oxide support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22553-22559
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume109
Issue number47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2005

Keywords

  • METAL
  • AU/ALPHA-FE2O3 CATALYST
  • OXIDE CATALYSTS
  • RAY-ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY
  • AU/FE2O3 CATALYSTS
  • AU
  • HYDROGEN
  • CERIA CATALYSTS
  • CARBON-MONOXIDE
  • CO OXIDATION ACTIVITY

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