Diabetes and complications of the heart in Sub-Saharan Africa: An urgent need for improved awareness, diagnostics and management

Nadezhda Glezeva, Master Chisale, Kenneth McDonald, Mark Ledwidge, Joe Gallagher, Chris J Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Citations (Scopus)
97 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is no longer a disease of high income countries but a global health pandemic. With the continued and rapid increase in its prevalence worldwide it is forecasted that diabetes will be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. A major concern stems from its role in development and progression of cardiovascular disease, including cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. Within low- and middle-income areas such as Sub-Saharan Africa the burden of diabetes is already significant driven by many factors, including, socioeconomic (urbanisation), nutritional (high-calorie "western-diet", obesity) and lifestyle (physical inactivity) changes. Insufficient economic and community resources, poor health care system development and chronic disease management, poor education, and a lack of preventative and diagnostic measures further aggravate the severity of the diabetes problem. This review outlines the burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Sub-Saharan Africa and highlights the need for improved community health care and regulations to reduce its epidemiological spread and devastating impact on health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-19
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume137
Early online date26 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Journal Article
  • Review

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Diabetes and complications of the heart in Sub-Saharan Africa: An urgent need for improved awareness, diagnostics and management'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this