Diet and the Gut Microbiome in Early Life

Purnika Damindi Ranasinghe, Thomas Abrahamsson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary


Gut microbiota development at early life and alterations in the gut microbiome are important for the host well-being throughout life. Host's genetics, maternal health and nutrition, delivery mode, feeding mode, antibiotic exposure and environmental factors influence the gut microbiota, yet diet is considered the primary modulator of the gut microbiota at all ages. Breast-feeding and weaning during infancy and long-term dietary habits in adulthood contribute to gut microbiota colonization and establishment. Diet interventions hence followed as therapeutic approaches for modulating and restoring healthy microbiota and its metabolic activity for reducing the risk of microbiome-associated diseases in a personalized way.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Gastroenterology
EditorsErnst Kuipers
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780128187289
ISBN (Print) 9780128124604
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Diet
  • Probiotics
  • Preterm babies
  • Microbiota


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