Dietary patterns and retinal vessel caliber in the Irish Nun Eye Study

Charlotte Neville, Shannon Montgomery, Giuliana Silvestri, Amy McGowan, E Moore, Christopher Cardwell, Claire McEvoy, Alexander Maxwell, Jayne Woodside, Gareth McKay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
169 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background

Retinal vessel abnormalities are associated with cardiovascular disease risk. Widening of retinal venules is associated with increased risk of stroke while narrowing of retinal arterioles independently predicts incident hypertension, coronary heart disease and diabetes. Dietary factors are known to play an important role in cardiovascular health. However, few studies have examined the association between dietary patterns (DPs) and retinal microvascular health.

Objective

To examine the association between ‘a posteriori’- derived DPs and retinal vascular caliber (RVC) in older women with a restricted lifestyle.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional study of 1233 participants (mean age: 76.3 years) from the Irish Nun Eye Study (INES). Computer-assisted software was used to measure RVC from digital eye images using standardized protocols. Dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). DP analysis was performed using principal component analysis from completed FFQs. Regression models were used to assess associations between DPs and retinal vessel diameters, adjusting for age, body mass index, refraction, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular accident and fellow eye RVC.

Results

Two DPs were identified: a ‘healthy’ pattern with high factor loadings for fruit, vegetables, wholegrains and oily fish and an ‘unhealthy’ pattern with high factor loadings for sugar and sweets, chips, high fat dairy products and French fries. Adjusted linear regression analysis revealed that those who adhered most closely to the unhealthy DP had wider central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) (p=0.03) and narrower central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE) (p=0.01) compared to the least unhealthy DP. No independent relationship was observed between the healthy DP and RVC.

Conclusion

In this cohort of older women with a restricted lifestyle, an unhealthy DP was independently associated with an unfavorable retinal profile, namely a widening of retinal venules and narrowing of retinal arterioles. Key words: Dietary
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalThe journal of nutrition, health & aging
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05 Dec 2017

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Dietary patterns and retinal vessel caliber in the Irish Nun Eye Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this