Differential power analysis resistance of Camellia and countermeasure strategy on FPGAs

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Abstract

Security devices are vulnerable to Differential Power Analysis (DPA) that reveals the key by monitoring the power consumption of the circuits. In this paper, we present the first DPA attack against an FPGA implementation of the Camellia encryption algorithm with all key sizes and evaluate the DPA resistance of the algorithm. The Camellia cryptographic algorithm involves several different key-dependent intermediate operations including S-Box operations. In previous research, it was believed that the Camellia is stronger than AES due to the additional Whitening phase protecting the S-Box operation. However, we propose an attack that bypasses the Whitening phase and targets the S-Box. In this paper, we also discuss a lowcost countermeasure strategy to protect the Pre-whitening / Post-whitening and FL function of Camellia using Dual-rail Precharged Logic and to protect against attacks of the S-Box using Random Delay Insertion.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Field-Programmable Technology, FPT'09
Pages183-189
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software

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    Lu, Y., O'Neill, M. P., & McCanny, J. V. (2009). Differential power analysis resistance of Camellia and countermeasure strategy on FPGAs. In Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Field-Programmable Technology, FPT'09 (pp. 183-189) https://doi.org/10.1109/FPT.2009.5377650