Collagen and collagen-related peptide (CRP) activate platelets by interacting with glycoprotein (GP)VI. In addition, collagen binds to integrin alpha(2)beta(1) and possibly to other receptors. In this study, we have compared the role of integrins alpha(2)beta(1) and alpha(IIb)beta(3) in platelet activation induced by collagen and CRP. Inhibitors of ADP and thromboxane A(2) (TxA(2)) substantially attenuated collagen-induced platelet aggregation and dense granule release, whereas CRP-induced responses were only partially inhibited. Under these conditions, a proportion of platelets adhered to the collagen fibres resulting in dense granule release and alpha(IIb)beta(3) activation. This adhesion was substantially mediated by alpha(2)beta(1). The alpha(IIb)beta(3) antagonist lotrafiban potentiated CRP-induced dense granule release, suggesting that alpha(IIb)beta(3) outside-in signalling may attenuate GPVI signals. By contrast, lotrafiban inhibited collagen-induced dense granule release. These results emphasise the differential roles of alpha(2)beta(1) and alpha(IIb)beta(3) in platelet activation induced by collagen and CRP. Further, they show that although ADP and TxA(2) greatly facilitate collagen-induced platelet activation, collagen can induce full activation of those platelets to which it binds in the absence of these mediators, via a mechanism that is dependent on adhesion to alpha(2)beta(1).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology