Dimensional structure of DSM-5 posttraumatic stress symptoms in Spanish trauma victims

Carmen Soberón, María Crespo*, María Del Mar Gómez-Gutiérrez, Violeta Fernández-Lansac, Cherie Armour

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
55 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Confirmatory factor analytic studies have shown that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms included in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Disorders (DSM-5) may be better explained by two 6-factor models (the Externalizing Behaviours model and the Anhedonia model) and a 7-factor Hybrid model. The latter model comprises the symptom clusters of intrusion, avoidance, negative affect, anhedonia, externalizing behaviours, and anxious and dysphoric arousal. This model has received empirical support mainly in American samples. Of note, there have been a limited number of studies conducted on samples from other countries. Objective: This study aimed to examine the underlying dimensionality of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms in a Spanish clinical sample exposed to a range of traumatic events. Method: Participants included 165 adults (78.8% females) seeking treatment in trauma services in the Madrid area (Spain). PTSD was assessed using the Global Assessment of Posttraumatic Stress Scale 5, a Spanish selfreport instrument assessing posttraumatic symptoms according to the DSM-5 criteria. Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted in Mplus. Results: Both the 7-factor Hybrid model and the 6-factor Anhedonia model demonstrated good and equivalent fit to the data. Conclusions: The findings of this study replicate and extend previous research by providing support for both the 7-factor Hybrid model and the 6-factor Anhedonia model in a clinical sample of Spanish trauma survivors. Given equivalent fit for these two models and the fewer number of latent factors in the Anhedonia model, it was selected as optimal in a traumatized Spanish sample. Implications and future research directions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number32078
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • DSM-5
  • Latent structure
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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