Toluene- and naphthalene-dioxygenase-catalysed sulfoxidation of nine disubstituted methylphenyl sulfides, using whole cells of Pseudomonas putida, consistently gave the corresponding enantioenriched sulfoxides. Using the P. putida UV4 mutant strain, and these substrates, differing proportions of the corresponding cis-dihydrodiol sulfides were also isolated. Evidence was found for the concomitant dioxygenase-catalysed cis-dihydroxylation and sulfoxidation of methyl paratolyl sulfide. A simultaneous stereoselective reductase-catalysed deoxygenation of (S)-methyl para-tolyl sulfoxide, led to an increase in the proportion of the corresponding cis-dihydrodiol sulfide. The enantiopurity values and absolute configurations of the corresponding cis-dihydrodiol metabolites from methyl ortho-and para-substituted phenyl sulfides were determined by different methods, including chemoenzymatic syntheses from the cis-dihydrodiol metabolites of para-substituted iodobenzenes. Further evidence was provided to support the validity of an empirical model to predict, (i) the stereochemistry of cis-dihydroxylation of para-substituted benzene substrates, and (ii) the regiochemistry of cis-dihydroxylation reactions of ortho-substituted benzenes, each using toluene dioxygenase as biocatalyst.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)