Biotransformations of a series of ortho-, meta- and para-substituted ethylbenzene and propylbenzene substrates have been carried out, using Pseudomonas putida UV4, a source of toluene dioxygenase (TDO). The ortho- and para-substituted alkylbenzene substrates yielded, exclusively, the corresponding enantiopure cis-dihydrodiols of the same absolute configuration. However, the meta isomers, generally, gave benzylic alcohol bioproducts, in addition to the cis-dihydrodiols (the meta effect). The benzylic alcohols were of identical (R) absolute configuration but enantiomeric excess values were variable. The similar (2R) absolute configurations of the cis-dihydrodiols are consistent with both the ethyl and propyl groups having dominant stereodirecting effects over the other substituents. The model used earlier, to predict the regio- and stereo-chemistry of cis-dihydrodiol bioproducts derived from substituted benzene substrates has been refined, to take account of non-symmetric subsituents like ethyl or propyl groups. The formation of benzylic hydroxylation products, from meta-substituted benzene substrates, without further cis-dihydroxylation to yield triols provides a further example of the meta effect during toluene dioxygenase-catalysed oxidations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
Sheldrake, G., Boyd, D., Sharma, N., Bowers, N. I., Dalton, H., Garrett, M. D., & Harrison, J. S. (2006). Dioxygenase-catalysed Oxidation of Disubstituted Benzene Substrates: Benzylic Monohydroxylation versus Aryl cis-Dihydroxylation and the Meta Effect. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, 4(17)(17), 3343-3349. https://doi.org/10.1039/b608417f