Dioxygenase-catalysed Oxidation of Disubstituted Benzene Substrates: Benzylic Monohydroxylation versus Aryl cis-Dihydroxylation and the Meta Effect

Gary Sheldrake, Derek Boyd, Narain Sharma, N.I. Bowers, H. Dalton, M.D. Garrett, J.S. Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biotransformations of a series of ortho-, meta- and para-substituted ethylbenzene and propylbenzene substrates have been carried out, using Pseudomonas putida UV4, a source of toluene dioxygenase (TDO). The ortho- and para-substituted alkylbenzene substrates yielded, exclusively, the corresponding enantiopure cis-dihydrodiols of the same absolute configuration. However, the meta isomers, generally, gave benzylic alcohol bioproducts, in addition to the cis-dihydrodiols (the meta effect). The benzylic alcohols were of identical (R) absolute configuration but enantiomeric excess values were variable. The similar (2R) absolute configurations of the cis-dihydrodiols are consistent with both the ethyl and propyl groups having dominant stereodirecting effects over the other substituents. The model used earlier, to predict the regio- and stereo-chemistry of cis-dihydrodiol bioproducts derived from substituted benzene substrates has been refined, to take account of non-symmetric subsituents like ethyl or propyl groups. The formation of benzylic hydroxylation products, from meta-substituted benzene substrates, without further cis-dihydroxylation to yield triols provides a further example of the meta effect during toluene dioxygenase-catalysed oxidations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3343-3349
Number of pages7
JournalOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry
Volume4(17)
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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