Neutral tungsten is the primary candidate as a wall material in the divertor region of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). The efficient operation of ITER depends heavily on precise atomic physics calculations for the determination of reliable erosion diagnostics, helping to characterise the influx of tungsten impurities into the core plasma. The following paper presents detailed calculations of the atomic structure of neutral tungsten using the multiconfigurational Dirac-Fock method, drawing comparisons with experimental measurements where available, and includes a critical assessment of existing atomic structure data. We investigate the electron-impact excitation of neutral tungsten using the Dirac R-matrix method and, by employing collisional-radiative models, we benchmark our results with recent Compact Toroidal Hybrid measurements. The resulting comparisons highlight alternative diagnostic lines to the widely used 400.88nm line.
|Journal||Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics)|
|Publication status||Published - 07 May 2018|
Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis › Doctor of Philosophy
Smyth, R. T., Ballance, C. P., Ramsbottom, C. A., Johnson, C. A., Ennis, D. A., & Loch, S. D. (2018). Dirac R-matrix calculations for the electron-impact excitation of neutral tungsten providing noninvasive diagnostics for magnetic confinement fusion. Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics), 97(5), . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.97.052705