Dissociative electron attachment to cyanoacetylene (propiolonitrile) HCCCN has been observed in the electron energy range 0-12 eV. Negative ions are formed in two main bands with maxima at similar to 1.6 eV (CCCN-) and similar to 5.3 eV (CCCN-, CN-, HCC- and CC-). There are also weaker resonances which lead to dissociative electron attachment to form CN-, HCC- and CC- with a maximum intensity at similar to 8.1 eV and CCCN-, CN- and CC- at similar to 11.2 eV. A trace of CCN- is observed at similar to 9.1 eV. The positions of the main dissociative attachment bands observed are close to positions of pi* resonances recently calculated by Sommerfeld and Knecht. Calculations have also been performed in this work, which confirm the position of the p* orbitals. The electron affinity of the CCCN radical is determined as 4.59 +/- 0.25 eV from the threshold for CCCN- formation at 1.32 +/- 0.15 eV. Dissociative electron attachment to this molecule will act as a source of negative ions in extraterrestrial environments where electrons are present with more than 1.3 eV energy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)