Dissociative Features in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Latent Profile Analysis

Jana Müllerová, Maj Hansen, Ateka A. Contractor, Jon D. Elhai, Cherie Armour*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) characterizes the dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in terms of the individual meeting the criteria for PTSD and additionally reporting symptoms of depersonalization and/or derealization. The current study aimed to examine whether a dissociative PTSD profile may include alternative features of dissociation and whether it could be differentiated from a nondissociative PTSD profile on certain psychopathologies and demographics. Method: Data from 309 trauma-exposed participants, collected through Amazon Mechanical Turk, were subjected to latent profile analysis. Regression analyses were used to examine the predictors of latent classes. Results: Three discrete profiles named Baseline, PTSD, and Dissociative profile were uncovered. All examined features of dissociation were significantly elevated in the Dissociative profile. Anxiety, male sex, being employed, and having a minority racial background significantly predicted the Dissociative profile relative to the PTSD profile. Conclusions: The study points to the importance of alternative symptoms of dissociation in the dissociative PTSD subtype beyond the symptoms of depersonalization and derealization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-608
Number of pages8
JournalPsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
Volume8
Issue number5
Early online date23 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dissociation
  • dissociative PTSD
  • latent profile analysis
  • PTSD
  • PTSD Checklist for DSM-5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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