Distinct response of arsenic speciation and bioavailability to different exogenous organic matter in paddy soil

Wen Fang, Danxing Yang, Paul N. Williams, Yi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Land application of organic waste has been increasingly encouraged since it could sequester carbon to mitigate climate change. Considering the susceptibility of arsenic (As) bioavailability in soils to organic matter, understanding the influence of different exogenous organic matter on As biogeochemical behavior in rice-soil system is crucial to reasonably recycle organic waste on soils and ensure the food safety. In this study, impacts of two typical organic matter amendments, rice straw and humic substance, on the As speciation and bioavailability in paddy soil were investigated. Results showed that addition of both rice straw and humic substance could increase the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) content in soil solution by 16.4%–34.4% and 21.7%–53.2%, respectively, but the response of As speciation and bioavailability was quite different, showing the decoupling between As release and DOC. Rice straw addition increased As release to porewater by 28.0%–28.4%, particularly at the initial 0–18 days after the soil was flooded, but humic substance presented the opposite effect, decreasing As release by 27.4%–43.1% which was mainly attributable to the AsIII immobilization. This study suggests that the organic matter with high contents of labile heteroaliphatic/aliphatic carbon, being easily to be biodegraded, should not be applied on As contaminated soils.
Original languageEnglish
JournalChemosphere
Early online date30 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 30 Sep 2022

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