DESIGN: A multi-centre randomised controlled study in 14 dental schools. This report is an interim analysis at 3 years.
INTERVENTION: Patients were allocated to either the Removable dental prosthesis group (RPD)-109 patients or the no prosthesis group (SDA) -106 patients. Patients had to be older than 35 years with no molars in the study jaw. Follow-up visits were scheduled at 4 to 8 wks (baseline), at 6 months, and at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 yrs after treatment.
OUTCOME MEASURE: Time to loss of first tooth following intervention or no intervention.
RESULTS: 81 patients received a RDP and 69 patients received no treatment in the end. This is a reduction of 26% and 35% respectively from the time when they were randomised to the two groups. Tooth loss occurred in 13 of the RDP group (16% of those who received the RDP, 12% of those allocated to the group at the start) with 5 of these being in the study jaw and 8 in the opposing jaw. Tooth loss occurred in 9 of the SDA group (13% of those who received SDA, 9% of those who were allocated to the group at the start) with 5 in the study jaw and 4 in the opposing jaw. The respective Kaplan-Meier survival rates at 38 months were 0.83 (95% CI: 0.74-0.91) in the RDP group and 0.86 (95% CI: 0.78-0.95) in the SDA group.
CONCLUSIONS: The difference in tooth loss at three years between patients treated with RDP and those not treated with RDP was not significant.