The eluent droplet size defines the number of sampling compartments in a continuously operated annular electrochromatograph and therefore influences separation efficiency. In this work, an assembly of two capillaries, a feeding capillary on the top and a receiving capillary placed under it, has been investigated to control droplet size. The receiving capillary prevents the liquid droplet formation beyond a critical size, which reduces the volume of sampling compartment as compared with the case of the electrolyte flow driven solely by gravity. With a receiving capillary, the electrolyte droplet size was reduced from 1.5 to 0.46 mm. Further decrease of droplet size was not possible due to a so-called droplet jump upwards effect which has been observed on a hydrophilic glass surface with water. A typical electrolyte used in CAEC has high methanol content. In an attempt to improve the methanol-repellent properties of the glass surface, two approaches have been implemented: (i) self-assembled chemisorbed monolayers of an alkylsiloxane and (ii) fabrication of a nano-pin film. The methanol-repellent surface of the feeding capillary suppressed the droplet jump upwards effect. The surface remained methanol repellent in different solutions with lower polarity than that of water.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Separation Science|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Filtration and Separation