Drug Polymer Thermodynamic Phase Diagrams in the Selection of Optimal API-Polymer Compositions for Amorphous Solid Dispersions

Claire Brennan, Yiwei Tian, Krzysztof Paluch, Lidia Tajber, Gavin Andrews, Anne Healy

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Purpose The aim of this work was to examine, for amorphous solid dispersions, how the thermal analysis method selected impacts on the construction of thermodynamic phase diagrams, and to assess the predictive value of such phase diagrams in the selection of optimal, physically stable API-polymer compositions. Methods Thermodynamic phase diagrams for two API/polymer systems (naproxen/HPMC AS LF and naproxen/Kollidon 17 PF) were constructed from data collected using two different thermal analysis methods. The “dynamic” method involved heating the physical mixture at a rate of 1 &[deg]C/minute. In the "static" approach, samples were held at a temperature above the polymer Tg for prolonged periods, prior to scanning at 10 &[deg]C/minute. Subsequent to construction of phase diagrams, solid dispersions consisting of API-polymer compositions representative of different zones in the phase diagrams were spray dried and characterised using DSC, pXRD, TGA, FTIR, DVS and SEM. The stability of these systems was investigated under the following conditions: 25 &[deg]C, desiccated; 25 &[deg]C, 60 % RH; 40 &[deg]C, desiccated; 40 &[deg]C, 60 % RH. Results Endset depression occurred with increasing polymer volume fraction (Figure 1a). In conjunction with this data, Flory-Huggins and Gordon-Taylor theory were applied to construct thermodynamic phase diagrams (Figure 1b). The Flory-Huggins interaction parameter (&[chi]) for naproxen and HPMC AS LF was + 0.80 and + 0.72, for the dynamic and static methods respectively. For naproxen and Kollidon 17 PF, the dynamic data resulted in an interaction parameter of - 1.1 and the isothermal data produced a value of - 2.2. For both systems, the API appeared to be less soluble in the polymer when the dynamic approach was used. Stability studies of spray dried solid dispersions could be used as a means of validating the thermodynamic phase diagrams. Conclusion The thermal analysis method used to collate data has a deterministic effect on the phase diagram produced. This effect should be considered when constructing thermodynamic phase diagrams, as they can be a useful tool in predicting the stability of amorphous solid dispersions.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 06 Nov 2014
Event2014 AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition - San Diego, United States
Duration: 02 Nov 201406 Nov 2014


Conference2014 AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego

Bibliographical note



Dive into the research topics of 'Drug Polymer Thermodynamic Phase Diagrams in the Selection of Optimal API-Polymer Compositions for Amorphous Solid Dispersions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this