Dynamics Of Excess Electronic Charge In Aliphatic Ionic Liquids Containing The Bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide Anion

Changhui Xu, Aleksander Durumeric, Hemant K. Kashyap, J. Kohanoff, Claudio J. Margulis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a recent article (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 20186) we investigated the initial spatial distribution of dry excess electrons in a series of room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). Perhaps unexpectedly, we found that in some alkylammonium-based systems the excess negative charge resided on anions and not on the positive cations. Following on these results, in the current paper we describe the time evolution of an excess electronic charge introduced in alkylammonium- and pyrrolidinium-based ionic liquids coupled with the bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([TfN]) anion. We find that on a 50 fs time scale an initially delocalized excess electron localizes on a single [TfN] anion which begins a fragmentation process. Low-energy transitions have a very different physical origin on the several femtoseconds time scale when compared to what occurs on the picosecond time scale. At time zero, these are intraband transitions of the excess electron. However after 40 fs when the excess electronic charge localizes on a single anion, these transitions disappear, and the spectrum is dominated by electron-transfer transitions between the fragments of the doubly charged breaking anion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17528-17536
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society (JACS)
Volume135
Issue number46
Early online date24 Oct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2013

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