Early ultrastructural changes after low-dose X-irradiation in the retina of the rat

W. M. Amoaku, L. Frew, G. J. Mahon, T. A. Gardiner, D. B. Archer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


In this study Lister rats were given doses of X-rays ranging from 200-2,000 Rads to the retina of one eye, sacrificed at various time intervals between one hour and one month later and the irradiated eye processed for electron microscopy. The rod photoreceptor cells were by far the most radiosensitive cells in the retina, their outer segments showing distinctive membrane damage at one hour after 200 Rads of X-rays. Photoreceptor cell death was not seen at doses less than 1,000 Rads in the time period of the experiment. The retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells showed damage in the form of mitochondrial swelling but only in doses over 500 Rads. Retinal pigment epithelial cell loss did not occur under 2,000 Rads. The inner retinal neurones, glial elements and the retinal vasculature did not show any ill effects in the time period of this study.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)638-646
Number of pages9
Volume3 ( Pt 5)
Issue numberPt 5
Publication statusPublished - 1989

Bibliographical note

LR: 20091103; JID: 8703986; ppublish


  • Animals
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Male
  • Photoreceptor Cells/radiation effects/ultrastructure
  • Pigment Epithelium of Eye/radiation effects/ultrastructure
  • Rats
  • Retina/radiation effects/ultrastructure
  • Rod Cell Outer Segment/radiation effects/ultrastructure
  • Time Factors

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