Effect of Carbon Reduction on the Toughness of 9CrWVTaN Steels

Wei Yan, Ping Hu, Lifen Deng, W. Wang, Wei Sha, Yiyin Shan, Ke Yang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)


    Nitride-strengthened, reduced activation, martensitic steel is anticipated to have higher creep strength because of the remarkable thermal stability of nitrides. Two nitride-strengthened, reduced activation martensitic steels with different carbon contents were prepared to investigate the microstructure and mechanical property changes with decreasing carbon content. It has been found that both steels had the microstructure of full martensite with fine nitrides dispersed homogeneously in the matrix and displayed extremely high strength but poor toughness. Compared with the steel with low carbon content (0.005 pct in wt pct), the steel with high carbon content (0.012 pct in wt pct) had not only the higher strength but also the higher impact toughness and grain coarsening temperature, which was related to the carbon content. On the one hand, carbon reduction led to Ta-rich inclusions; on the other hand, the grain grew larger when normalized at high temperature because of the absence of Ta carbonitrides, which would decrease impact toughness. The complicated Al2O3 inclusions in the two steels have been revealed to be responsible for the initiated cleavage fracture by acting as the critical cracks.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1921-1933
    Number of pages13
    JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Mechanics of Materials


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