Effect of chlorination on positron binding to hydrocarbons: Experiment and theory

A. R. Swann*, G. F. Gribakin, J. R. Danielson, S. Ghosh, M. R. Natisin, C. Surko

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Measured and calculated positron binding energies are presented for a range of hydrocarbons with up to six carbon atoms (viz., methane, acetylene, ethylene, ethane, propane, butane, and hexane) and their chlorinated counterparts. Both experiment and theory confirm the large effect that the chlorine atoms have on the positron binding energy and the strong sensitivity of the binding energy to the exact position of the chlorine atoms. The experimental binding energies have been obtained by measuring positron resonant annihilation using a trap-based positron beam. The calculations are performed using the previously developed model-correlation-potential method [A. R. Swann and G. F. Gribakin, J. Chem. Phys. 149, 244305 (2018)]. The overall trends are discussed with regard to the molecular polarizability, dipole moment, and geometry. Good agreement between theory and experiment is found, with the exception of the chlorinated ethylenes and chlorinated hexane. Calculations of the electron-positron annihilation rate in the bound state are also presented.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012813
JournalPhysical Review A (Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics)
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2021

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