Effect of implementation of a preconception counselling resource for women with diabetes: A population based study

V. A. Holmes, L. L. Hamill, F. A. Alderdice, M. Spence, R. Harper, C. C. Patterson, S. Loughridge, S. McKenna, Aisling Gough, D. R. McCance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Aim To evaluate the effect of regional implementation of a preconception counselling resource into routine diabetes care on pregnancy planning indicators. Methods A preconception counselling DVD was distributed to women by diabetes care teams and general practices. Subsequently, in a prospective population-based study, pregnancy planning indicators were evaluated. The post-DVD cohort (n = 135), including a viewed-DVD subgroup (n = 58), were compared with an historical cohort (pre-DVD, n = 114). Primary outcome was HbA1c at first diabetes-antenatal visit. Secondary outcomes included preconception folic acid consumption, planned pregnancy and HbA1c recorded in the 6 months preconception. Results Mean first visit HbA1c was lower post-DVD vs. pre-DVD: 7.5% vs. 7.8% [58.4 vs. 61.8 mmol/mol]; p = 0.12), although not statistically significant. 53% and 20% of women with type 1 and 2 diabetes, respectively, viewed the DVD. The viewed-DVD subgroup were significantly more likely to have lower first visit HbA1c: 6.9% vs. 7.8% [52.1 vs. 61.8 mmol/mol], P < 0.001; planned pregnancy (88% vs. 59%, P < 0.001); taken folic acid preconception (81% vs. 43%, P = 0.001); and had HbA1c recorded preconception (88% vs. 53%, P < 0.001) than the pre-DVD cohort. Conclusions Implementation of a preconception counselling resource was associated with improved pregnancy planning indicators. Women with type 2 diabetes are difficult to reach. Greater awareness within primary care of the importance of preconception counselling among this population is needed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-45
Number of pages9
JournalPrimary Care Diabetes
Volume11
Issue number1
Early online date27 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017

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