The hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzmye A (HMG CoA) reductase inhibitor lovastatin is used to treat hyperlipidaemia. This agent prevents the isoprenylation of some proteins involved in signal transduction processes and inhibits IgE-receptor-linked mediator release from RBL-2H3 cells. In this study the effect of in vivo and in vitro administration of lovastatin on histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells was examined. Lovastatin (4 mg/kg/day for 2 weeks) inhibited histamine release induced by concanavalin A (con A) from rat peritoneal mast cells of Hooded-Lister rats and both homozygous lean and obese Zucker rats. In contrast, release induced by antirat IgE (anti-IgE) was only significantly inhibited in cells derived from Hooded-Lister rats and that induced by compound 48/ 80 was not altered. Lovastatin (20 mu M, 24 h, in vitro) caused a significant inhibition of the subsequent histamine release to con A, anti-IgE and compound 48/80 but not to the calcium ionophore A 23187. It is important to determine whether such inhibitory effects are also observed after the chronic, clinical administration of lovastatin and other HMG CoA reductase inhibitors.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Archives of Allergy and Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|