Effect of Nanosilica on Rheology, Fresh Properties, and Strength of Cement-Based Grouts

Mohamed Sonebi, Mohamed T. Bassuoni, Jacek Kwasny, Abdul K. Amanuddin

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    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The effect of colloidal nanosilica on the fresh and rheological parameters, plastic shrinkage, heat of hydration, and compressive strength of cement-based grouts is investigated in this paper. The fresh and rheological properties were evaluated by the minislump flow, Marsh cone flow time, Lombardi plate cohesion meter, yield value, and plastic viscosity. The key parameters investigated were the dosages of nanosilica and superplasticizer and temperature of mixing water. Statistical models and isoresponse curves were developed to capture the significant trends. The dosage of nanosilica had a significant effect on the results. The increase in the dosage of nanosilica led to increasing the values of flow time, plate cohesion meter, yield stress, plastic viscosity, heat of hydration at 1 day and 3 days, and compressive strength at 1 day, while reducing the minislump, plastic shrinkage up 24 h, and compressive strength at 3, 7, and 28 days. Conversely, the increase in the dosage of superplasticizer led to decreasing the values of flow time, plate cohesion meter, yield stress, plastic viscosity, heat of hydration at 1 day and 3 days, and compressive strength at 1 day, while increasing the minislump, plastic shrinkage, and compressive strength at 3 and 7 days. Increasing the temperature of mixing water led to a notable increase in the results of minislump, flow time, plastic viscosity, heat of hydration at 3 days, and compressive strength at 1 day, while it reduced the plate cohesion, compressive strength at 3, 7, and 28 days. The statistical models developed in this study can facilitate optimizing the mixture proportions of grouts for target performance by reducing the number of trial batches needed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number04014145
    Number of pages11
    JournalASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering
    Volume27
    Issue number4
    Early online date22 Jul 2014
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

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