Effect of nozzle geometry on the flow characteristics of hydroentangling jets

E. Ghassemieh, H.K. Versteeg, M. Acar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Cone-capillary nozzles with varying cone angles from 10° to 120° and a capillary diameter of 120μ are experimentally investigated for their application in the hydroentanglement process. Cone-up and cone-down configurations in a range of water pressures of 30-120 bar are tested. The effects of the cone angle on flow parameters such as discharge and velocity coefficients and intact length are studied. Flow visualization techniques are used to recognize the flow regimes and characteristics and to inspect and compare the intact length and appearance of the jets. Cone-down nozzles with more consistent flow properties, lower discharges, and higher velocity coefficients are more suitable for the hydroentanglement process. Single-cone nozzles without capillaries and with varying cone angles are also tested. The flow properties of the jets from the single-cone nozzles are compared with the cone-capillary nozzles of the same cone angle to study the effect of the capillary section. The effect of the interaction of adjacent nozzles on the flow from multi-hole nozzles is studied, and the characteristics of the jets from the multi-hole nozzles are compared with the single-hole nozzles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-450
Number of pages7
JournalTextile Research Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2003

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of nozzle geometry on the flow characteristics of hydroentangling jets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this