Effect of slag content and activator dosage on the resistance of fly ash geopolymer binders to sulfuric acid attack

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Abstract

Geopolymer (GP) binders are an appealing alternative to Portland cement (PC) binders as they have the potential to reduce the CO2 emissions associated with the cement and concrete industry. However, their durability in aggressive environments needs thorough examination if they are to become a viable alternative to traditional PC materials. This study investigated the effect of increasing slag content and activator dosage on the sulfuric acid resistance of fly ash GP binders. Their performance was also compared with that of neat PC mixes using various physical and microstructural techniques. The results show that increasing the slag content of fly ash GPs decreases porosity, but makes the reaction products more susceptible to sulfuric acid attack. It was also found that increasing the alkaline activator dosage of fly ash GPs has little impact on sulfuric acid resistance. Finally, GP binders displayed superior sulfuric acid resistance than their PC counterparts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-40
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume111
Early online date29 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Microstructure
  • Degradation
  • Durability
  • Alkali activated cement
  • Acid attack

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