Effect of sodium alginate modification of graphene (by anion- π type of interaction) on the mechanical and thermal properties of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanocomposites

N. Thayumanavan, Pankaj Tambe, Girish Joshi, Mukul Shukla

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33 Citations (Scopus)


Layered aligned dispersion of graphene in graphene/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanocomposites is prepared in the form of films through simple solution processing route. The results indicate that there exist an interfacial interaction between PVA and graphene because of hydrogen bonding. This is responsible for the change in structure of PVA (such as decrease in the level of crystallization) and exhibiting ductile PVA nanocomposite film with improved tensile modulus, tensile strength, and thermal stability. Moreover, to improve the mechanical properties of PVA nanocomposites, graphene is successfully modified using a non-covalent modifier, sodium alginate (SA) and there exist an anion-π type of interaction in between SA and graphene. The modification results in finer dispersion of the graphene in PVA/SA-m-graphene nanocomposites. In addition, there exist a hydrogen bonding in between PVA and SA. This has resulted in the remarkable improvement in mechanical properties of PVA/SA-m-graphene nanocomposites as compared to pure PVA and PVA/graphene nanocomposites. The increase in mechanical properties of PVA/SA-m-graphene nanocomposites is achieved through better load transfer from graphene to polymer matrix, despite decrease in crystallinity of PVA. Improvement in tensile modulus and tensile strength is highest at 0.5 wt.% of SA-modified graphene in PVA/SA-m-graphene nanocomposites because of finer dispersion of graphene and is 62 and 40% higher than that of pure PVA. Addition of SA-modified graphene also improves the thermal stability of PVA/SA-m-graphene nanocomposites remarkably as compared to unmodified graphene PVA nanocomposites. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-506
JournalComposite Interfaces
Issue number6
Early online date15 Jan 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

cited By 6


  • Dispersions
  • Elastic moduli
  • Hydrogen bonds
  • Nanocomposite films
  • Nanocomposites
  • Sodium alginate
  • Tensile strength
  • Thermodynamic stability
  • Alginate
  • Bonding
  • Graphene
  • Mechanical properties
  • Polyvinyl alcohols
  • Sodium
  • Thermodynamic stability, Alginate modification
  • Crystallinities
  • Interfacial interaction
  • Load transfer
  • Mechanical and thermal properties
  • Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA)
  • PVA nanocomposites
  • Solution-processing
  • exfoliation, Graphene
  • Polymer matrix composites


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