Effect of steam addition for energy saving during CaCO3 calcination of auto thermal biomass gasification

Shuming Zhang, Su He, Ningbo Gao, Cui Quan, Chunfei Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Auto thermal biomass gasification produces syngas more energy-efficiently by utilizing the heat released from the reaction between CaO and CO2. The auto thermal gasification process also reduces CO2 emissions and gasification temperature. However, the high temperature required for the regeneration of spent CaO consuming large amounts of energy is a challenge for this process. This paper investigated the effect of steam on the regeneration of spent CaO during biomass gasification from an energy-saving perspective. The modelling results indicated that the regeneration temperature could be lowered with the introduction of steam while maintaining the same 60% CaCO3 calcination efficiency. For example, the introduction of 10 ml h−1 of steam can reduce the regeneration temperature by 50 °C compared to the regeneration under air environment. In addition, SEM and BET analysis confirmed that the steam flow rate needs to be precisely controlled to prevent it from diminishing the surface area of the sorbent and reducing the adsorption capacity of the regenerated CaO.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106416
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Early online date26 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to acknowledge the funding from Key Program for China EU INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION in Science and Technology Innovation (No. 2018YFE0117300 ). This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 823745 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors


  • Auto thermal gasification
  • Biomass gasification
  • CaCO calcination
  • Steam re-activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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