Effect of sub-lethal challenge with Photodynamic Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (PACT) on the antibiotic susceptibility of clinical bacterial isolates

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effect of sub-lethal challenge with Photodynamic Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (PACT) on the susceptibility of clinical Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates to both PACT and a range of antibiotics used in the treatment of infection caused by these bacteria. Clinical S. aureus and P. aeruginosa isolates were exposed to sub-lethal PACT with meso-tetra (N-methyl-4-pyridyl) porphine tetra tosylate (TMP) and methylene blue (MB) over a 72 h period. After exposure, susceptibility of surviving organisms to a range of antibiotics was determined and compared with the susceptibility of an untreated control. Surviving bacteria were also exposed to previously lethal photosensitizer-light combinations, to determine if susceptibility to PACT was affected by sub-lethal exposure. Exposure to sub-lethal PACT did not decrease susceptibility to antibiotics with the minimum inhibitory concentrations for 95% and 100% of P. aeruginosa and S. aureus isolates, respectively, within two doubling dilutions of the MIC of the untreated control. Similarly, habituation with sub-lethal PACT did not reduce susceptibility of P. aeruginosa isolates to PACT levels previously determined as lethal. A reduction in susceptibility to PACT following habituation was apparent for two S. aureus isolates with MB and for 1 S. aureus isolate with IMP. However, for two of these three isolates, the log reduction for habituated cells was still greater than 4 log(10). PACT remains an attractive potential treatment for infection caused by these bacteria. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-66
Number of pages5
JournalJOURNAL OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY B-BIOLOGY
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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