Effect of tea polyphenols and tea pigments on the inhibition of precancerous liver lesions in rats

Y Y Gong, C Han, J S Chen

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of tea components, tea polyphenols and tea pigments, on precancerous liver lesions in rats. A rat liver precancerous lesion model was established by multiple low-dosage N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) injections, followed by intraperitoneal CCl4 injection and partial hepatectomy (PH). Tea pigments (0.1%) or tea polyphenols (0.1%) were given to Wistar rats in drinking water during the eight weeks of the experiment. The number and area of glutathione S-transferase Pi-positive foci in the rat liver were used as biomarkers of precancerous liver lesions. Western and Northern blot techniques were used to detect rat liver GST-Pi expression at the protein and mRNA levels. At the end of the experiment tea polyphenols and tea pigments significantly decreased the number and area of GST-Pi-positive foci that were overexpressed in the NDEA-CCl4-PH-treated rats compared with the positive control group. The results also showed that GST-Pi mRNA and protein expression increased significantly in the NDEA-CCl4-PH-treated group, which is consistent with the changing of GST-Pi-positive foci. Tea pigments and tea polyphenols had an inhibitory effect on the overexpression of GST-Pi mRNA and protein in NDEA-CCl4-PH-treated rats. These results suggest that tea pigments and tea polyphenols are effective in preventing the occurrence and progression of precancerous liver lesions in rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-86
Number of pages6
JournalNutrition and cancer-An international journal
Volume38
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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