Effect of ternary phosphate-based glass compositions on osteoblast and osteoblast-like prolferation, differentiation and death in vitro

K.L. Skelton, J.V. Glenn, S.A. Clarke, G. Georgiou, S.P. Valappil, J.C. Knowles, S.N. Nazhat, G.R. Jordan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is currently a need to expand the range of graft materials available to orthopaedic surgeons. This study investigated the effect of ternary phosphate based glass (PBG) compositions on the behaviour of osteoblast and osteoblast-like cells. PBGs of the formula in mol% P2O5 (50)-CaO (50-X)-Na2O (X), where X was either 2, 4, 6, 8 or 10 were produced and their influence on the proliferation, differentiation and death in vitro of adult human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) and human fetal osteoblast 1.19 (HFOB 1.19) cells were assessed. Tissue culture plastic (TCP) and hydroxyapatite (HA) were used as controls. Exposure to PBGs in culture inhibited cell adhesion, proliferation and increased cell death in both cell types studied. There was no significant difference in %cell death between the PBGs which was significantly greater than the controls. However, compared to other PBGs, a greater number of cells was found on the 48 mol% CaO which may have been due to either increased adherence, proliferation or both. This composition was capable of supporting osteogenic proliferation and early differentiation and supports the notion that chemical modification of the glass could to lead to a more biologically compatible substrate with the potential to support osteogenic grafting. Realisation of this potential should lead to the development of novel grafting strategies for the treatment of problematic bone defects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-572
Number of pages10
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials

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