Effect of the processing conditions on the microstructure and properties of rotational molded polyamide 11

M. J. Oliveira, M. C. Cramez, C. B. Garcia, M. P. Kearns, E. Maziers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rotomolded containers for solvents and hydrocarbons require the use of high-permeability resins such as polyamide (PA). The published studies with this material are very scarce. In this work, a commercial grade of PA11 was rotational-molded using different processing temperatures and characterized with a range of techniques. The study aims at investigating the influence of the processing conditions on the microstructure and properties of molded parts. The results showed that the spherulitic morphology and the mechanical properties are affected by the processing temperature, the optimum processing range being between 220°C and 240°C. Overheating causes a decrease of the impact strength and a severe increase in the formation of pinholes at the outer surface due to polymer degradation and formation of volatile products. The thermo-oxidation reactions occurring at the inner surface of the samples result in the formation of products that absorb in the UV and visible light regions and cause the microhardness and the melt viscosity of the material to increase. The extent and severity of the degradation at the inner surface may be easily assessed by fluorescence microscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)939-946
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2008

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Mechanical properties
  • Microstructure
  • Polyamides
  • Processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

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