Determining the water permeability of concrete in structures remains a challenge because of difficulties in removing the influence of its moisture content. Saturating concrete with water could be one option, but this is not easy to achieve on site. This paper reports a testing programme carried out to assess the reliability and effectiveness of two field saturation methods, viz. vacuum saturation and ponding. The water permeability test results after applying the vacuum saturation and ponding were compared with that obtained after incremental immersion. It was found that ponding was unable to remove the influence of moisture, whilst vacuum saturation was effective for wet concretes. The results obtained from the electrical resistance measurements after incremental immersion suggested that the water permeability of concretes can be accurately determined by carrying out in situ permeability tests if the near surface region up to a depth of 25 mm is fully saturated.
Yang, K., Basheer, M., Nanukuttan, S., Bai, Y., & Long, A. (2019). Effectiveness of two field methods of saturating near surface concrete on the water permeability of in situ concrete. MATEC Web of Conferences, 289, 06004. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201928906004