Effects of D- and L-glucose and mannitol on retinal capillary cells: Inhibition by nanomolar aminoguanidine

Y. Yu, W. Li, B. Wojciechowski, A.J. Jenkins, T.J. Lyons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hyperglycemia may contribute directly to pericyte loss and capillary leakage in early diabetic retinopathy. To elucidate relative contributions of glycation, glycoxidation, sugar autoxidation, osmotic stress and metabolic effects in glucose-mediated capillary damage, we tested the effects of D-glucose, L-glucose, mannitol and the potentially protective effects of aminoguanidine on cultured bovine retinal capillary pericytes and endothelial cells. Media (containing 5 mM D-glucose) were supplemented to increase the concentration of each sugar by 5, 10, or 20 mM. Subconfluent pericytes and endothelial cells were exposed to the supplemented media in the presence or absence of aminoguanidine (1 nM-100 µM) for three days. Cell counts, viability and protein were determined. For both cell types, all three sugars produced concentration-dependent decreases in cell counts and protein content (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-158
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Volume2
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2007

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