Effects of gate design and cavity thickness on filling, morphology and mechanical properties of microinjection mouldings

Nan Zhang, Quanliang Su, Seong Ying Choi, Michael D. Gilchrist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Miniaturized parts weighing up to tens of milligrams represent a large category of microinjection moulded products. Both miniaturization and extreme processing under microinjection moulding cause material to experience high shear rates and high cooling rates, and to have different morphology and final properties from conventional injection moulding. It also makes mould design quite challenging. This study investigates micro gate design (opening and thickness) and cavity thickness (100–500 μm) on filling, morphology and mechanical properties of Poly(ether-block-amide) miniaturized dumbbell parts. It is found that a reduction of gate size has two conflicting effects: increased shear heating increases flow length; increased cooling rate reduces flow length. Filling increases significantly with an increase of cavity thickness. In addition, skin ratio reduces from ∼70% to ∼10%, when part thickness increases from 100 μm to 500 μm. Such oriented skin layer determines molecular orientation and broadly influences Young’s modulus, elongation and yield stress. Natural aging at room temperature induces an increase of modulus and yield stress, and a decrease of strain at break. Mechanical properties of microinjection mouldings are significantly different from conventional injection mouldings and measurement at the microscale is required for successful miniaturized product design.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-847
JournalMaterials & Design
Volume83
Early online date29 Jun 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2015

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of gate design and cavity thickness on filling, morphology and mechanical properties of microinjection mouldings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this