Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae and Paecilomyces farinosus were grown on Sabouraud Dextrose Agar (SDA) modified with KCl to give a range of water activity (a(w)) from 0.938 to 0.998. Growth of all three species was optimal at 0.983 a(w) and growth occurred over the a(w) range tested. Acyclic sugar alcohol (polyol) and trehalose content of conidia was determined by HPLC and found to vary with species and a(w). Conidia of B. bassiana and P. farinosus were found to contain totals of 1.5% and 2.3% polyols respectively at 0.998 a(w), and double these amounts at <0.950 a(w). Conidia of M. anisopliae contained from 5.7% to 6.8% polyols at each a(w) tested. In conidia of all three species the predominant polyol was mannitol. The lower molecular weight polyols, arabitol and erythritol, were found to accumulate at reduced a(w). Small amounts of glycerol were present in conidia of each species; <15% total polyols. Conidia of B. bassiana and M. anisopliae contained about 0.5% trehalose from 0.970 to 0.998 a(w), but only trace amounts below 0.950 a(w). Conidia of P. farinosus contained 2.1% trehalose at 0.998 a(w) and this decreased to <0.1% below 0.950 a(w). Potential to manipulate the endogenous reserves of conidia of these biological control agents to enhance viability and desiccation tolerance is discussed.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Letters in Applied Microbiology|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Jul 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Water Science and Technology
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology